What is spinal arthroscopy?
Spinal arthroscopy or arthroscopic spine surgery is a procedure to diagnose and treat issues that affect the normal functioning of the spine. The procedures makes use of endoscopic imaging technology and specialized instruments to correct the damages caused to the spine or structires of the spine. An arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure which is performed with the help of a tiny device called an arthroscope. If you experiences a severe back pain, which could not be controlled with nonsurgical treatment options can be treated with an arthroscopic spine surgery.
What are the common types of spinal arthroscopy?
Different parts of spine affected by various conditions can be treated using an arthroscopic procedure. However, arthroscopy may not be suitable for all types of spine issues. Some of the common arthroscopic procedures include:
- Discectomy – For herniated or bulging disc
- Foramenotomy- For compressed spinal nerves
- Spinal fusion- To correct spondylisthesis
There are various other surgical procedures which can also be performed arthroscopically.
How the surgery is performed?
The surgical procedures are similar to that of the other arthroscopic procedures. During the surgery, an incision is made in the affected/surgical area. Through the incision, the surgeon will insert an endoscopic probe. Along with the endoscopic probe, the surgeon will also insert a variety of surgical instruments. With the help of these instruments, the surgeon will remove sections of the damaged disc. This procedure will help to relieve the pressure on the spinal nerves whereby relieving the pain.
What are the advantages of arthroscopic spine surgery?
Arthroscopic surgery is advantageous by various factors when compared to the open surgery. Advantages of arthroscopic spine surgery involves the following:
- Minimal damage to the muscles and supporting tissues of the spine
- Minimal blood loss
- Minimal chance for infection
- Faster post-operative recovery
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