Shoulder Conditions

The shoulder joint anatomy

Shoulder joint is considered as one of the most flexible joint in the human body. It is formed by a group of humerus, shoulder blade (scapula), and the collarbone (clavicle). The shoulder joint is made up of two separate joints- acromioclavicular joints and the glenohumeral joint. The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint that allows the arm to rotate and made movements. There are muscles, tendons and ligaments, with the help of which the shoulder is held in place.

What are the common shoulder conditions?

One of the common shoulder problem among people is the shoulder pain. As it is allowed to make a wide range of motion, it is considered as an unstable joint which is vulnerable to injuries and problem. Some of the common conditions that affect the shoulder joint include:

  • Shoulder joint pain
  • Shoulder joint injuries
  • Shoulder joint dislocation
  • Separation
  • Tendinitis
  • Bursitis
  • SLAP tear
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Shoulder fracture
  • Rotator cuff tears
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Sternoclavicular separation
  • Shoulder arthritis of the glenohumeral joint
  • Arthritis of the acromioclavicular joint

How are shoulder joint conditions diagnosed?

The doctor will first analyse the medication history of the patient. Physical examination of the shoulder is a necessary step in the diagnostic process. Other diagnostic tests include:


What are the treatment options for shoulder conditions?

Treatment will vary according to different conditions that affect the shoulder.

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