What is Scoliosis?

A sideways curvature that appear in the spine, which is usually straight is called scoliosis. In most cases, this condition occurs just before the outburst of puberty. Experts say that, conditions like cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy causes scoliosis. The exact cause of scoliosis is yet to be established. Condition is seen to be mild in most of the cases. But, it can get severe in those children who grow with spine deformities. It can even be disabling. It may cause damages to the lungs.


What causes Scoliosis?

Hereditary factors play a vital role in the development of scoliosis. Even though, the exact cause is not known, doctors consider the following condition that may cause scoliosis : Neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy ,Birth defects that affect the spine bones,Infections or injuries of the spine

What are the symptoms ?

Common signs and symptoms of scoliosis include:

  1. Uneven waist
  2. Uneven shoulders
  3. One hip higher than the other
  4. Shoulder blade that appears more distinguished than the other

The doctor will carry out a physical examination which will also include a neurological exam to check for the following factors:

  1. Numbness
  2. Muscle weakness
  3. Abnormal reflexes

In some cases, plain X-rays will be enough to identify scoliosis. If there is an underlying condition that causes scoliosis, the doctor may suggest for more tests such as:

  1. MRI
  2. Bone scan
  3. CT scan

How it is treated?

Scoliosis patients with mild curves may not require complex treatment processes. Treatment will be finalized based on the following factors:

  1. Severity of the condition
  2. Age and sex of the patient
  3. Severity of the curve
  4. Maturity
  5. Location of the curve
  6. Curve pattern

Braces and surgery are the two main treatment options for scoliosis. There are two types of braces- underarm or low-profile brace and Milwaukee brace. Spinal fusion is the surgical option for scoliosis.

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