Ankle and Foot Conditions

Foot and ankle conditions are very common in an individual’s life. Sprains and strains are the most common issues that affect the foot ankle joints. Foot and ankle pain is the other most common issue that most people face. It even inflences the quality of life of the individual. Unnoticed or untreated foot and ankle problems can become severe or damaging. Leaving a simple sprain without care may lead to degenerative issues. There are nonsurgical as well as surgical treatment options to treat foot and ankle conditions.

Foot and ankle are the two sensitive parts of the musculoskeletal system. For the same reason, there can be a number of problems which may affect the foot and ankle at different stages of an individual’s life. Some of the common foot and ankle disorders and their treatments are discussed below:

Ankle pain

Ankle pain is one of the very common issues faced by most of the people during different stages of their lifetime. An injury in the past or sprained ankles etc can be the cause for common knee pain. Degenerative arthritis and Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome are some of the other causes of ankle pain. Apart from these, there can be mild sprains and strains which may also cause ankle pain in people. Ankle pain can be diagnosed and treated successfully with the help of an orthopedic specialist.

Foot pain:

Another common complaint among people is “foot pain”. Various factors can result in foot pain. Injuries, fractures, sprains, strains and other conditions can cause foot pain in people. Foot pain treatment will be based on the underlying causes. Major treatments are not usually required unless it is caused by any serious injury or trauma.

There are various other conditions which may affect the foot and ankle structures. Some of them are:

  • Ankle sprains
  • Arthritis
  • Flatfeet
  • Heel pain
  • Ingrwon toenail
  • Foot perspiration and odor
  • Corns and calluses
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Hammertoes
  • Peripheral edema
  • Toenail fungus
  • Foot ulcer
  • Bunions
  • Athelete’s foot
  • Plantar warts
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Sports-related injuries
  • Diabetes-related foot problems

All the condition has got various treatment options. It may vary accordingly.

What are the common foot and ankle problems ?

  • Ankle fracture
  • Ankle sprain
  • Achilles tendinopathy
  • Bunion
  • Ankle instability
  • Ankle arthritis
  • Flatfoot deformity
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Foot drop
  • Foot fracture
  • Midfoot arthritis
  • Plantar fascitis

Diagnosing and treating foot and ankle problems

Some issues can be detected from a physical examination itself. Some may need other imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan, MRI, Ultrasound etc. Treatment will widely vary according to different conditions and their severity. Some conditions can be treated with home care and nonsughical treatment options. There are some cases which can only be improved with surgical interventions.

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