Tooth sensitivity otherwise known as dentin hypersensitivity, is a condition when you feel painful while having too cold or hot food items. Apart from that, brushing, flossing might also cause a sharp pain on your teeth. It is one of the most common issues faced by the people. Tooth sensitivity may affect an individual at any age. Exposed tooth roots due to receded gums or periodontal disease is one of the main causes for tooth sensitivity. It occurs when the tooth enamel gets worn down. When the tooth enamel gets damaged, the dentin will get exposed. Acids produced in the mouth then lead to tooth sensitivity issues.
The dentin has many tubes or pores on it. They run from the outside of the tooth to the nerve in the center. Changes in the temperature or certain foods may stimulate these tubes if the dentin if exposed. The causes for tooth sensitivity can be summarized into:
- Gum disease
- Gum recession
- Tooth grinding
- A fractured or chipped tooth
- Some dental treatments like teeth whitening, braces, dental fillings etc.
- Acidic beverages etc.
When you find yourself with tooth sensitivity, you should first try to find the cause for it. Treatment option will also vary according to these. In –office and home-based treatments are there for tooth sensitivity. In office procedures may include:
- Fluoride application
- Cleaning etc.
Mild cases of tooth sensitivity can be tackled by using these tips:
- Brush and floss properly
- Use a tooth brush that has soft bristles and toothpaste that is low abrasive
- Use specially formulated toothpastes that can soothe the nerve endings in the tooth
- Use highly fluoridated toothpaste which will help to strengthen the surface of the tooth
The dentist will be able to help you in choosing the right treatment for you. Tooth sensitivity may not be a serious health issue, but it can cause serious problems if left unnoticed.
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