The jaw and face conditions related to structure, sleep apnea, growth, TMJ disorders, orthodontic problems that are unable to treat with braces, or malocclusion problems due to skeletal dis-harmonies can be easily corrected with orthognathic surgery. Sometimes, orthognathic surgery is known as corrective jaw surgery. An Oral and maxillofacial surgeon or ENT or plastic surgeon in association with an orthodontist, usually perform the orthognathic surgery. After surgery, to ensure that the teeth fit correctly, a careful coordination between the surgeon and the orthodontist is essential.
People who suffer from an improper bite, caused by misaligned jaws and/or teeth, are the best candidates for corrective jaw surgery. Jaw misalignment may occur either congenitally or from an injury. Although, bite correction and “occlusion” problems involving teeth misalignment can be corrected with orthodontics, but corrective jaw surgery becomes necessary if the jaws are misaligned. Corrective jaw surgery helps to properly re-position all or parts of the lower or upper jaw and chin.
The surgical complications include: swelling, bleeding, nausea, infection and vomiting. If nerve damage occurs, some numbness may be experienced. The numbness is usually temporary, and in rare cases, becomes permanent.
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