‘Burning mouth syndrome’ is the medical term used to indicate the recurrent burning sensation in the mouth. This condition affects the cheeks, lips, roof of the mouth and the widespread areas of the mouth. The cause for this condition is not known yet. It affects the mouth all of a sudden and become very severe. Experts believe that poor oral hygiene, various other dental problems etc. can be the reason for getting ‘burning mouth syndrome’. This condition is also known in different names such as burning tongue syndrome, stomatodynia, glossodynia, scalded mouth syndrome, etc.
Signs and symptoms of burning mouth syndrome include severe burning sensation, pain, etc. There is no time specification for when it will occur and how long it will take to heal. It may vary according to each individual. Signs, symptoms and cause will vary accordingly.
Symptoms of burning mouth syndrome:-
- Sore or dry mouth
- Numbness or tingling on the tip of the tongue
- Change in taste, sometimes no taste.
Even though it is hard to find the exact cause, experts believe these as some of the common causes:
- Hormonal changes
- Systemic diseases
- Acid reflux
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Depression or anxiety
- Severe damage to nerves that control taste and pain
- Fungal infections
- Allergies by wearing dentures or poorly fitted dentures
- Certain medications used to treat dry mouth
Diagnosing ‘burning mouth syndrome’ requires checking previous medical histories, conducting a series of examinations and tests etc. Blood tests are to detect any kind of fungal infections, nutritional deficiencies, diabetes, thyroid etc. The treatment options will vary according to the cause of the disease. Treatment options may include:
- Replacing the dentures
- Treatments to improve thyroid, diabetes etc.
- Medications to improve BMS
- Medications to deal with anxiety and depression etc.
You can prevent BMS to a certain extent by following some simple tips such as:
- Drinking water
- Sucking on ice
- Chewing sugarless gum
- Brushing the teeth with baking soda and water
- Abstaining from fruits and juices
- Avoiding hot and spicy food items
- Avoid using mouthwashes that contain high acidity level etc.
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