Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder

What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder?

A group of lung diseases are called obstructive pulmonary disorder/disease. They usually cause airway block and breathing difficulties. Some of the common COPD may include emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Narrowing of the airways or airway obstruction is the primary cause for most of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders.

What are the symptoms of COPD?

Symptoms will not be visible during the primary stages of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases. Symptoms will only be visible after a significant damage to the lung. A cough that persists for more than three months is the main symptom of chronic bronchitis. Though different conditions may show different symptoms, some of the common symptoms may include:

  • Wheezing

  • Lack of energy

  • Chest tightness

  • Frequent respiratory infections

  • Shortness of breath

  • A chronic persistent cough that may

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Cyanosis

  • Exacerbations

What causes COPD?

Smoking is considered to be the main cause for COPD. It is also believed that, smoking can increase the risk for developing COPD. Smoking causes inflammation and scarring in the lungs. This may get worse and damage the lungs permanently over time. COPD can even be caused due to air pollution, dust, genetic disorders and fumes.

How are they diagnosed?

Lung damage can be slowed down if the condition is diagnosed earlier. The doctor will check for the symptoms during the physical examination. Followed by the physical examination, the doctor may suggest breathing tests to confirm the condition.

How are they treated?

Treatment can only slow down the lung damage and development of the disease. There are no treatments to reverse the damaged lung. Quitting smoking can be effective during the treatment period. The symptoms are relieved using medications. Pulmonary rehabilitation may also be recommended. The doctor may prescribe surgery in very rare cases of COPD.