Tuberculosis is contagious and its spreads through the air via sneezes and coughs of affected individuals. Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, which was an incurable condition in the past can now be cured with a few months of medical treatment. TB may require a long-term treatment. Medications are the one and only and main treatment for tuberculosis. Latent TB requires only one type of TB medicine. Whereas, active TB may require several drugs. If the patient has a drug-resistant TB, a combination of antibiotics plus injectable medications will be suggested.