Rhinopharyngitis or Common Cold

What is rhinopharyngitis?

Rhinopharyngitis or a common cold is one of the most common infectious disease that come across during childhood. In most cases, children seek pediatric consultation for the same issue. Rhinopharyngitis is more common in preschoolers when compared to that of the adults. Medically, the condition is defined as an inflammatory disorder that affect the nasopharynx. The condition is mainly caused due to viral origin. Rhinopharyngitis is a benign disease which may improve within 7-10 days of time.

Common cold treatment in Delhi

What causes rhinopharyngitis?

Rhinopharyngitis is mainly caused due to viruses. Common viruses that cause rhinopharyngitis include-

  • Coronavirus

  • Respiratory syncytial virus

  • Adenovirus

  • Rhinovirus

  • Influenza virus

  • Para-influenza virus

  • Enterovirus

Apart from these, there are more than 200 viruses considered to trigger rhinopharyngitis in children.

What are the symptoms of rhinopharyngitis?

Some of the common symptoms of the disease are:

  • Sneezing

  • Runny and blocked nose

  • Inflamed throat

  • Feeling unwell

  • Headache

  • Breathing trouble

  • Fever or high body temperature

Is the disease contagious?

As the disease is caused due to virus infection, it is contagious. It can be transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected through particles of liquid or through breath.

How the condition is diagnosed?

Diagnosing rhinopharyngitis is not complex. A child with the disease may have:

  • A mild fever about 39-40º or above

  • Nasal obstruction

  • Vomiting and diarrhea

There can be increased mucus secretions from the nose. A simple clinical examination will be enough to diagnose the disease.

How is rhinopharyngitis treated?

If the cases if acute and uncomplicated, it can be treated with antibiotic medications. The medication and level of medication may differ in adults and children. Uncomplicated rhinopharyngitis cases may require symptomatic treatment.