Pulmonary Artery Hypertension

What is pulmonary artery hypertension?

A high blood pressure level in the arteries is known as ‘pulmonary hypertension’. Pulmonary artery hypertension is a kind of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary arteries functions as carriers of blood from the heart to the lungs. From the lungs, the artery picks up oxygen that has to be delivered throughout the body. In pulmonary artery hypertension, the arteries compress abnormally. As a result, the heart works faster and the blood pressure inside the lungs rises. Pulmonary artery hypertension can be of different types. Though the exact cause of certain types of pulmonary artery hypertension remains unknown, certain medications are believed cause this issue.

What are the Symptoms of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension?

Some of the common symptoms may include:

  • Dizziness

  • Chest pain, usually in the front of the chest

  • Fatigue

  • Fainting

  • Light-headedness during exercise

  • Weakness

  • Shortness of breath during activity

  • Leg swelling

How is Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Diagnosed?

There are no specific methods for diagnosing pulmonary artery hypertension. As the symptoms may not be visible for first few months, it is difficult to diagnose pulmonary artery hypertension. The doctor may suggest various tests to measure the BP in the pulmonary arteries. Some of the tests may include:

  • X-ray of the chest

  • Echocardiogram

  • Electrocardiogram

  • Pulmonary function tests

  • Right heart catheterization

  • Six-minute walk test

  • Perfusion lung scan

How is Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treated?

Though there are several treatment options for pulmonary hypertension, it cannot be completely cured. Treatment options may include:

      • Medications

      • Treatments for minimising the symptoms

      • Lifestyle changes

      • Surgery

      • Treatment for the underlying conditions