Severe injury to any part of the musculoskeletal system is known as trauma. The musculoskeletal system includes the bones, joints and the ligaments. Trauma can be life-threatening in many cases. An orthopedic surgeon or a specialist can take care of the patient who is need of immediate medical attention. Motor accidents are one of the most common causes of trauma. Slips, falls, and other accidents may also cause trauma. A trauma center is a hospital or clinic equipped with emergency care and services for patients with traumatic injuries that seeks immediate medical attention. Certain cases becomes severe when it causes injury to the major arteries. Crush injuries and fractured bones cause injury to the internal organs.
Severe musculoskeletal injuries may also cause other injuries, which also seeks immediate medical attention. Most orthopedics trauma cases may require a surgery. During the surgery, a probe will be used to remove and clean foreign objects, if any. Screws, rods and other devices will be used to set and fasten the bone. Heavy damages may require other devices to fix it. To fix the bone in place, the surgeon may use a cast or other devices.
It may take weeks or months to recover from an orthopedic trauma if it is severe. To develop muscle strength and flexibility, the doctor may suggest physical therapy. To check the progress of healing, the doctor may prescribe x-rays and other exams during the treatment period. It is also suggested to check for inflammation, nonunion and infections.