Synovitis

What is synovitis?

An inflammation in the synovial membrane is referred to as synovitis. The synovial membrane is the tissue that line the joint. Swelling, warmth and redness are the main characteristics of this condition. These symptoms are usually present only for a short duration. There can be severe pain based on the severity of the condition. Some patients may even experience pain without swelling. Overuse is the main cause in a healthy individual. A rheumatologist can diagnose and treat synovitis.

Causes

Certain types of arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and juvenile arthritis etc, may cause synovitis. Synovitis is also linked with tuberculosis, gout, trauma and rheumatic fever.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of synovitis include:

  • Inflammation
  • Joint warmth
  • Chronic pain
  • Degenerative changes

Diagnosis

Apart from analysing the symptoms, the doctor may conduct a synovial fluid analysis to examine the fluid, the synovial membrane secrets. Certain types of arthitis can also analyse using this test. The test may take around half an hour time. It does not require any special preparations.

Treatment

The primary step of treatment for synovitis include taking anti-inflammatory drugs. Some of the other treatment options include:

  • Synovectomy
  • Knee surgery
  • Surgery to remove the synovial tissue

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