Infertility faq

Q. What is infertility ?

The failure to conceive is defined as infertility, after have a regular unprotected sex, or the inability to carry a pregnancy full term. Most of these issues, result from either the man or the woman’s reproductive system. Some common causes are:

  • Problems with woman’s fallopian tubes
  • Problems with man’s reproductive system
  • Problems with woman’s ovulation
  • Problems with woman’s uterus/or cervix
  • Unknown reasons


Q. Why does a woman become infertile ?

Due to problems with ovulation, which is the main cause for a women facing the issue, as due the ovulation there are no eggs to be fertilised, and there are some signs that a woman is not ovulating is either irregular periods or the absence of menstrual periods.

There are some common causes of fertility problems which include:

  • Physical problems with the uterus
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Blocked fallopian tubes, due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or surgery for an ectopic pregnancy


Q. What things increase a woman’s risk of infertility?

There are number of factors that affect a women’s ability to have a baby and they include:

  • Stress
  • Age
  • Poor diet
  • Tobacoo smoking
  • Athletic training
  • Being overweight or underweight
  • Alcohol
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Health problems that cause hormonal changes


Q. Why does a man became infertile ?

A man becomes infertile because of:

  • Problems with the sperm’s ability to reach the egg so that it can be fertilised—or abnormal sperm shape or structure prevent it from moving in the right direction.
  • Problem making sperm– producing too few sperm or none at all


There is also a liability that a man is born with problems that could affect his sperm, there are also other problems which start later in life due to illness or an injury, example cystic fibrosis which often causes infertility in men.

Q. What increases a man’s risk of infertility?

There are a number of common factors that are related to a man’s sperm quality, the most common is the overall health and lifestyle.

  • Drugs
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Health Problems
  • Medicines
  • Environmental toxins,including pesticides and lead
  • Radiation treatment and chemotherapy for cancer
  • Age


Q : How is infertility diagnosed ?

The first step in diagnosing infertility, is doing a complete medical history and a physical exam. The couple needs to be evaluated, and the couple may also need to do a series of blood tests, semen analysis,ultrasound exams or exploratory surgery for the woman.

Q. How is infertility in a woman treated?

After a special diagnosis is determined,a treatment can be planned, and there are some simple steps or few mediations which would solve the problem, like when having sex,which will produce a pregnancy is given or in other cases medications which are indicated, and in some cases surgery is required.

.Q. How is infertility in a man treated ?

Medication can resolve problems with the male reproductive organs, or either if surgery is required.

Q. what increases a man’s risks of infertility ?

Overall health and life style, sperm quality and quantity which can be affected, also there are some things that may reduce sperm number/or quality which includes alcohol,drugs stress, environmental toxins,smoking,health problems,and certain medicines, also radio or chemotherapy and age.

Q. What things increases a woman’s risk of infertility ?

Age,stress,poor diet,obesity,underweight,smoking,STD,hormonal problems and health problems.

Q. Can a vasectomized man be a father again ? If yes what is the procedure?

After a man has done a vasectomy, there are certain chances that it can be reversed, it is said that around 70-80% procedures are successful. The other procedure is extraction of sperm from the testes, or from the epidydymis, It is said that these sperms are used to inject a ovum through a procedure called ICSI )Intra Cytomplasmic Sperm Injection)

Q. How many couples are affected by infertility ?

One out of six couples are affected by infertility

Q. Couple has trouble conceiving, when should they go to a fertility specialist ?

You would need to consult a doctor, if you are having regular unprotected sex for over a year.

Q. Is Infertility hereditary ?

It is not hereditary, however, it does not mean if there are women in your family who have conceived late, does not mean that you are infertile.

Q. Do painful periods cause infertility ?

No they do not, in fact it is sign of ovulatory cycles, but if you have severe pain then you need to consult a doctor.

Q. What is tubal reversal ?

This is a procedure, which restores the blocked or tied fallopian tubes to restore fertility in a woman, this procedure is called tubal reversal this is performed to reserve the effects of a tubal ligation, a procedure which involves the blocking of the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.

Q. Are all infertility treatments high-tech procedures ?

There are couples, who are successful in the attempts to conceive, using simple and “low-tech” procedures, around 10-20% couples seeking infertility treatment who do undergo the ART procedure, which are established under medical treatment.

Q. How successful are infertility treatments ?

The success rates have drastically improved for couples undergoing treatment under ART, together with medication, surgery make pregnancy possible

Q. How does natural conception occur ?

When from have unprotected sex, the male sperm meets the woman’s egg and successfully penetrates it, this takes place in one of the woman’s fallopian tube and the fertilised egg then travels to the uterus and implants in the uterine lining. If pregnancy has to take place , then fertilisation of the egg must be followed by a successful implantation. In each menstrual cycle only one egg is released for fertilisation. If the egg is not fertilised conception will not be possible, until the next cycle.