Easophagoscopy is the term used for examining the esophagus. Esophagoscope is the instrument used for this purpose. It consists of a flexible tube with a light source for illuminating the field of vision and a camera for taking the videos of the esophagus and the procedure being carried out. Easophagoscopy can be conducted in a day care facility or in the special procedure room in a hospital. This procedure is carried out under local anesthesia and a child may be given sedatives to make him more comfortable.
The upper airway known as the trachea and the upper digestive tract known as esophagus are located below the throat and above the stomach. If there is any swelling in the upper esophagus it will cause difficulty in swallowing, breathing and speaking. If the patient has any breathing, speaking or swallowing difficulty it is better to conduct a easophagoscopy to determine the exact cause of the difficulty experienced. For example if this difficulty is caused by the presence of any foreign body inside the esophageal pipe or due to reasons like cancer in the vocal cords or due to any other similar reasons they can be identified through an easophagoscopy. Another benefit of this procedure is that specimens of the suspected portions of the esophagus or the larynx or the pharynx can be taken for biopsy purpose during this procedure. Subjecting the specimens to microscopic examination in a biopsy will clearly indicate whether there is any cancerous cells in the specimens and this will help decide the appropriate course of action. There is a good chance for the cancers diagnosed in the early stages to get completely cured.
The patient will have to abstain from any food or drink for four hours prior to the conductance of easophagoscopy. You will be required to bring a friend or relative with you for taking you out to your house after the completion of surgery because you will not be able to drive as you will be under sedation. Local anesthesia will be given to your throat. Dentures, if any, will be removed and you will be given premedication for relaxing you. You will be given an injection through vein to relieve you discomforts that may be caused by endoscopy. A gag will be inserted into your mouth. You will be asked to lie either on your sides or on your back or to sit. The endoscope is now inserted to your esophagus through your mouth or nose carefully making required observation. A small amount of air will be injected into your esophagus during the procedure by the operator.
After the procedure is completed the endoscope will be taken out and the patient will be guided to the recovery room. You must not eat or drink anything until your full sensation has returned. After the biopsy results are received you will be required to meet the doctor for a discussion. Appointment for this will be fixed before you leave the hospital.