Heart Diseases And Oral Health

Overview

The number of individuals getting affected with various forms of heart disease is showing a striking increase. Although not proven, but studies suggest a close relation between oral health and heart disease. People with moderate or advanced gum disorder are more prone to heart diseases. Most of the individuals spend a lump sum amount either to fix it or prevent it. They often prefer to go to the gym or eat healthy food, in order to stay fit. However, an ordinary toothbrush is the best as well as the cheapest option against various heart conditions.

The bacterial infection of gums, sometimes dislodge to blood vessels, and thereby enhancing clot formation. This clot formation severely affects the proper heart functioning and poses risk of heart stroke or attack. Bacterial species are found greatly in the atherosclerotic plaque in the blood arteries. These species stimulate the hardening of the arteries, thereby increasing the risk of heart attacks.

It is important to prevent the onset of plaque or bacterial infections of the gums. Regular brushing and flossing helps to remove or prevent gum-affecting plaque or tartar. Brushing should be done with along the gum-line with fluoridated toothpaste. A healthy and balanced diet is essential. The individual should completely avoid tobacco chewing and cigarette smoking. This will help in improving oral health as well as overall body health.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Extreme care and preventive measures are needed by various cardiovascular diseases such as:

EndocarditisIf teeth are not cared properly, then bacteria from the gums may enter the bloodstream and cause blockage in the inner heart lining. This condition is known as endocarditis and may if left untreated may become life-threatening. Practice of good oral hygiene is essential to prevent or treat endocarditis.

Heart Attack (myocardial infarction)After a heart attack, individuals are advised not to go for any extensive dental procedures, atleast for a duration of 6 months.

Anticoagulants and Antiplatelet MedicationsCertain anti-coagulants may cause excessive bleeding during an oral procedure. Therefore, it is desirable that prior to any oral procedure, the individual should inform the dentist about intake of any anti-coagulant.

StrokeIf the individual is experiencing any physical instability after a past stroke, then regular consultation with the doctor is essential. The instability may affect various body parts such as face, arms, tongue, etc.

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