One of the most disastrous medical emergencies is the burn in an individual. Extreme pain and difficulty is experienced by the survivors. Severe burn injury often limits the mobility of an individual. This mainly occurs when cramps are formed on the skin, between the joints and the muscles. Typically, a burn surgery is categorized into two types:acute and reconstructive. Acute burn care specializes to treat the patient immediately after the injury. Reconstructive burn surgery care is required only after the initial healing of the wound. Plastic surgeons are usually the one who provides this type of care. The reconstructive surgery targets to improve both the functional and cosmetic aspects of burn. It makes use of either operative or non-operative means to modify or alter the burn scars.
The burn surgery does not involve removal of the burn scars entirely, but aims to make the scars less visible. The basic functional area of the patient is also improved. It also addresses facial scarring, which can pose danger to lips, eyelids, nose, or hair loss. A wide variety of operative and non-operative methods are employed to improve the thick, wide, or discolored-looking scars. Specialized care is essential to enhance patient’s survival and healing chances. The non-operative therapies of reconstructive surgery involves massaging of scar, application of pressure garments, or other nominal therapies. Scar release procedures are the main element in operative therapy. After the release of the tight scar, it is important to repair or close the skin opening.
Prior to surgery, a proper consultation with the plastic surgeon is crucial. This helps in achieving desired goals. A complete analysis of medical history, physical test and examination, and possible risks or complications of the procedure, are discussed within the consultation. During the surgery, the patient is kept under the effect of general anesthesia. The cost of reconstructive burn surgery depends upon the severity of the burn and type of plastic surgeon performing the surgery. After surgery, physical therapy may be needed to ensure complete recovery.
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