What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)?
Sleep apnea is a potentially life threatening disease in which patients stop breathing repeatedly during sleep due to airway collapse, leading to loss of oxygen and disruptive sleep pattern. .
When healthy sleep is interrupted, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other serious health conditions may increase. Recently as per community study done related to OSA, it is found that OSA afflicts more than 50 million adult men and women in India..
What are the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea?
People who have sleep Apnea may have the following symptoms:
- Falling asleep during daytime (dozing off)
- Abnormal breathing while asleep noted by family
- Abnormal daytime sleepiness or tiredness (fill Epworth questionnaire)
- Restless sleep or difficulty maintaining sleep
- Morning headache and waking up un-refreshed from sleep Reduced sex drive
- Memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
What happens if I have OSA and I don’t treat it properly?
People who do not seek diagnosis and treatment for OSA may increase their risk for:
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure
- Heart attacks (Myocardial Infarction)
- Coronary artery disease (blockage of blood vessels of the heart)
- Type 2 diabetes
- Stroke (paralysis)
- Arrhythmias ( irregular heart beat)
- Accidents during driving or work
How is OSA diagnosed?
- Discuss sleep complaints and symptoms with your doctor.
- If a sleep disorder is suspected, your doctor will refer you to the Sleep Center for further evaluation.
- An overnight diagnostic sleep study, known as a polysomnogram, or PSG, is used to determine the type and severity of the sleep disorder, as well as appropriate treatment.
What is the treatment for OSA?
- Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is the treatment of choice for OSA
- PAP therapy provides a flow of air pressure through your nose using a mask
- The air pressure prevents airway collapse, Obstructive Sleep Apnea
PAP Therapy allowing you to breathe freely while you sleep
- CPAP therapy is noninvasive and can alleviate the symptoms of OSA when used as prescribed
CPAP – the treatment of choice
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most commonly used PAP therapy
- CPAP provides a continuous stream of air pressure to keep your airway open
- Some advanced CPAP systems have feature, which lowers the pressure as you begin to exhale, for added comfort.