The sun produces invisible rays called ultraviolet-A or ultraviolet-B, which can harm the skin. Sunburn, skin texture variations, and skin tumors is caused by too much sun. Rashes too can be ascribed to sunlight. UV radiation even on cloudy days touches the earth and can cause skin damage.
Sunburn and Your Skin
Sunburn is a condition that happens when the amount of sun exposure or additional ultraviolet light source outdoes the body’s protective pigment (melanin) ability to defend the skin.
Sunburn symptoms comprise hurting, reddened skin; yet, sunburn may not be promptly false. By the time the skin starts to develop painful and red, the damage has been completed. Severe sunburn may result in swelling and blisters. People who are severely sunburned may develop a fever, chills, and/or weakness. In rare situations, people with sunburn can go into tremor.
Some days after sunburn, people with naturally fair skin may have flaking in the burned areas. Certain itching may happen and the peeled areas are even more delicate to sunburn for some weeks.
Weakness to sunburns is amplified in people with:
- Fair skin
- Light-colored hair
People use certain medications that heave the skin’s sensitivity to sunburn, such as NSAIDs, quinolones, tetracycline, psoralens, thiazides, furosemide, amiodarone, and the phenothiazine.
To treat or ease the sunburn distress:
- Apply a cold compress to the affected area(s).
- Take aspirin or acetaminophen instantly after sun exposure to relieve sunburn uneasiness and inflammation.
- Apply a cooling gel or ointment containing aloe Vera to the sunburned area or areas.
- Avoid additional sun exposure till the uneasiness resolves.
- In cases of severe sunburn or sunstroke, see your doctor instantly.
Photosensitivity / Sun allergy(Sun reaction)
Most people’s skin will burn if there is ample ultraviolet radiation exposure. Still, some people burn mainly easily or develop exaggerated skin reactions to sunlight. This state is called photosensitivity. People often call this a sun allergy.
Photosensitivity people have an immunological light response, most frequently sunlight. They can break out in a rash when sunlight exposed. The exposure amount required to cause a reaction differs from person to person. Certain people with photosensitivity are also affected by indoor fluorescent lighting.
Photosensitivity has been associated to:
- Chemicals, fragrances, or plants contact.
- Medicines that are taken inside.
- Autoimmune diseases such as lupus erythematosus.
- Porphyria, a metabolic disorder that is sometimes hereditary.
Photosensitivity symptoms may comprise a pink or red skin rash with blotchy blisters, scaly patches, or raised spots on areas directly exposed to the sun. Itching and burning may occur and the rash may last for several days. In some people, the reaction to sunlight gradually becomes less with subsequent exposures.
Certain photosensitivity types may respond to specific treatments such as oral beta-carotene, steroids, or other medications.
Polymorphous Light Eruption
Condition in which skin rashes develop after fairly partial sun exposure is Polymorphic light eruption (PMLE). PMLE usually affects females between the ages of 20 and 40. The condition also can affect children and less commonly, men.
The word ‘polymorphic’ denotes to the point that the rash can take many forms. A common kind of PMLE looks like pink or red raised spots groups on the arms. Further areas, comprising the legs and chest, also may be affected. At times the rash has blisters and bigger dry, red spots. The rash is supplemented by a burning or itching that can last for some days.
In severe circumstances, a doctor may commend oral steroids to treat PMLE. Sometimes, a drug used to treat skin conditions, Hydroxychloroquine is recommended.
Skin Care Tips
To shield your skin from the sun, contemplate these tips:
- Shun the sun during peak hours.
- Dress rationally.
- Evade deliberate sunbathing, as well as tanning beds.
- Use a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF even on cloudy days. Sunscreens ought to be applied about 20 minutes before going outdoors.
Picking a Sunscreen
Diverse sunscreens are suitable for various people. For children under 6 months old, the best choice is to keep them out of the sun, if likely.
People with dark skin would value from sunscreen with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of at least 30. Sunscreens with SPF numbers higher than 30 may benefit people who want to minimize their exposure to the sun, especially people who are fair-skinned.