Allergic skin disorders, such as urticaria and atopic dermatitis, can cause much uneasiness, have an influence on value of life, and can occasionally cause serious difficulties. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, like other allergic conditions, these ailments can frequently be efficiently treated.
Acute urticaria treatment.
Usually, no treatment is mandatory for acute urticaria as symptoms are normally mild and the condition is brief and seldom returns.
- Antihistamines – Yet, if symptoms are more severe, or if the condition continues, the patient may be given antihistamines. Antihistamines block the histamines effects and lessen the rash and halt the itching.Present antihistamines do not make most patients sleepy. Unluckily, some patients may be affected and ought to check how they react to the antihistamine afore operating heavy machinery or car driving. Antihistamines habitually cause sleepiness if the patient has alcohol in his/her system.Some patients may profit from antihistamines that do cause sleepiness, particularly if the itchiness is causing sleep difficulties.Pregnant women should not take antihistamines, unless the doctor prescribes it. Very seldom medics may prescribe an antihistamine called chlorphenamine for pregnant women if it is felt the profits are more than the hazards.
- Corticosteroids – If symptoms are very severe, the doctor may prescribe a small course of high-dose oral corticosteroids, which subdue the immune system which typically results in any removing or reducing the urticaria symptoms. Corticosteroids should not be taken for more than 5 days. The greater his dangers of getting an infection when a patient takes corticosteroids for long.
Chronic urticaria treatment
Chronic urticaria patients will have treatment which is intended at controlling symptoms and evading triggers that may make them worse.
Chronic urticaria and angioedema patients should be referred to an immunologist, an allergist or a dermatologist. Angioedema can cause breathing problems which can possibly cause serious problems.
Patients who only have chronic urticaria and nothing else, but whose symptoms are quiet severe should also be referred to a specialist.
- Antihistamines – antihistamines can treat the chronic urticaria symptoms. If symptoms produce sleep problems, the patient may benefit from also taking the antihistamines that cause sleepiness.
- Menthol cream – this has been revealed to be a valuable substitute or addition to antihistamines for patients with itchiness.
- Corticosteroids – these may be prescribed for chronic urticaria patients who got more severe symptoms.
- Avoiding triggers – as triggers can make the current urticaria worse, it is vital for the patient to recognize these triggers and avoid them. Recall, that with chronic urticaria, the triggers do not cause the condition, but they can make it worse. He/she may have to elude definite medications as well.
- Evading stress may benefit – yet, this may not be easy, particularly if the symptoms are affecting the patient’s value of life.
- Meditation or hypnosis – relaxation methods, such as medication or hypnosis has been found to help reduce symptoms and stress levels in severely affected patients.
- Diet – quite a lot of patients insist that definite foods make their symptoms worse. This is a debated subject in which specialists appear to have diverse opinions. The subsequent foods are known to trigger histamine production – spinach, fish, yoghurt, fish, tomato, processed, meats, chocolate.
Complications of urticaria
Acute urticaria complications
Around one quarter of all patients with acute urticaria also develop acute angioedema, which should resolve itself within about three days. Patients who have breathing difficulties should call the emergency services immediately. Angioedema is treated with antihistamines and oral corticosteroids.
Chronic urticaria complications
Around half of all chronic urticaria patients will get well in 3 to 5 years. One quarter of all patients will remain having symptoms for over 10 years. As with any chronic condition, the patient can become irritated and upset. About 15% of chronic urticaria patients report despair moods. Patients with depression symptoms must tell their doctor. Despair is treatable..